Crawford County, the 55th county formed in Georgia, was created in 1822 from Creek Indian lands and part of Houston County. Later, parts of Macon and Talbot counties were added. The county was named for William H. Crawford, who was U.S. Secretary of the Treasury when the county was created.
Crawford County was created in 1822 from part of Houston County and was named in honor of U.S. Senator and Secretary of the Treasury William H. Crawford. In 1823, the Georgia State Legislature designated Knoxville as the county seat, and a courthouse square was laid out. The legislation made "permanent the site of the public buildings at the village of Knoxville. Knoxville was named for Revolutionary War General Henry Knox (1750-1806), who, in 1789, became the first U.S. Secretary of War. When Knoxville was incorporated in 1825, the law stipulated "that the town shall comprehend within its limits, all persons residing within the boundary of the square, or lot of land, upon which the public buildings of the county are situated: and that no person be elected a commissioner, or an officer of said town, who shall not reside within those limits."